What is a Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a term commonly used to describe various types of skin discolorations – which are most often a product of the overproduction of melanin along the skin’s surface.
Melanin is the name given to the pigment, which gives our skin its normal color – those with more melanin will have darker skin tones, and those with less melanin will have more fare skin tones. Due to a variety of factors, at times, individuals can experience an overproduction of melanin in specific areas, creating dark spots or discolorations, that are very different from the skin in the surrounding areas. Depending on the specific cause and the type of dark spots, there are a variety of treatment methods. For instance, for a common issue like sun spot removal, caused by sun damage, we can use methods like lasers or topicals.
Common Types of Hyperpigmentation
The interesting thing is that while they are definitely more common in those with farer skin, discolorations can occur in all skin types and tones. The most common types of discolorations include:
Sun & Age Spots
Sometimes referred to as sun spots, age spots, liver spots or solar lentigines; sun spot removal has become one of the most popular methods of treatment around. Generally, most of those patients in need of sun spot treatment are older adults – as they are a product of years of sun exposure. Generally, age spots are characterized by dark, brownish or even tan spotty patches of discolorations – age spot removal is most common in areas like the face, hands, neck and more, as these areas are often left exposed to the sun over long periods of time. Considering that they are a product of sun exposure, the most common patients in need of sun spot removal are those with lighter skin tones.
Sometimes known as chloasma, melasma is characterized mainly by larger patches of darkened, discolored skin. Melasma can appear in different areas such as the face (mainly the forehead) and even the stomach. This condition is most common in women, who are experiencing hormonal fluctuations – often due to pregnant or taking birth control pills. Unlike age spot treatment, those with darker skin have much higher rates of melasma.
This form of hyperpigmentation appears most often as spotty patches of dark, brown skin as a result of an inflammatory skin condition, such as acne or eczema. Generally, if a patient suffers from an inflammatory skin issue, no matter of age, race or gender, they are highly susceptible to these discolorations and like those in need of age spot treatment, they often appear along the face and neck.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
No matter what type of hyperpigmentation you might suffering, from those in need of sun spot treatment, to those with skin conditions like lupus or even acne, generally there are only 5 main causes of skin discolorations. They include:
Overexposure to the Sun & UV Rays
The most common reason amongst those individuals in need of age spot removal. The body produces excess melanin as a defense mechanism against the sun’s harmful UV rays – especially common in those who are of a lighter skin tone, as they lack the protection of melanin.
Inflammatory skin conditions such as acne, lupus, eczema, and even some general cuts or scrapes, will often cause the body to create dark spots as a side effect – very common in the healing phase.
Hormones – During many periods, both men and women will experience a number of hormone fluctuations. Common in women, during pregnancy of menopause, the skin tends to develop dark brown or reddish spots of melasma.
Whether it be a result of medications like antidepressants, antibiotics or certain topical creams, the body can experience adverse reactions, sometimes allergic, which will cause the skin to turn dark brown, black or even grey – in patches and spots.
There are a number of different medical conditions that are known to cause dark spots on the body and face, including a variety of autoimmune conditions and blood disorders. These will often require further diagnostic testing measures.
Depending on the specific type of hyperpigmentation you might be suffering from, there are a variety of different treatment methods, that might work for you. Some of the most popular treatment options include:
Helps remove the outer layer of skin and stimulate the production of new fresh skin cells. Works for all types of discolorations including age spot removal.
IPL Laser Therapy
Intense pulsed light therapy, uses an intense beam of light energy to trigger the body’s natural healing mechanisms from within the skin. Also stimulates the production of fresh collagen to aid in cellular turnover and reduce the presence of discolorations.
Help to resurface the skin’s outer layer and reduce the presence of dark spots and discolorations.
Depending on the specifics of your hyperpigmentation, there are certain types of topical creams or ointments that can help brighten the skin, heal sun damage, provide sun spot treatment, and reduce inflammation issues. Some of these include – corticosteroids, hydroquinone, retinoids, and more.
Our Clients Say
Amazing facial! This is by far the BEST facial treatment in all of NYC. The staff was personable and customized the skin care routine to my skin type. There was a “little bit of everything” from hydration, extractions, cleansing to even the hydaworks machine. I was so relaxed and afterwards my face was glowing. I think I found my forever home for all of my skin care needs. PS -Ask for Cornelia she is so sweet and works her magic! — Review 1
Cornelia was great! Very relaxing facial. There is only one treatment room, so you wait outside before your appointment. The room felt clean, peaceful, and private. She asked me what I wanted out of the facial, walked me through what she was going to do, and then let me enjoy and relax in quiet during the facial. At the end of the treatment she gave me some tips for my skin and said she would be happy to recommend some products they sell, but was not pushy at all about selling things to me, which is always appreciated! — Review 2
Cornelia is Amazing! She is very thorough with her extractions and I appreciate customization based on my skin type and concerns that I had with acne. So far I see big difference! My skin is Glowing!!! Definitely booking again with Acne Treatment Center! You guys are amazing — Review 3
I have been coming to Acne Treatment Center for over 4 years! Well Cornelia saved my skin from acne, i was extremely insecure about my dark spots. But with constant visits and the care of her my dark spots have lightened tremendously. Cornelia is so patient and listens to all the problems i had and treated it accordingly. Lastly, the price point!!! They are extremely affordable especially being located in the city. I love this place, affordable, relaxing and extremely caring. What more could i ask for !!! Thank you for everything — Review 4
My whole life I been struggling with acne and hyperpigmentation. I went to doctors and dermatologists and no one has been able to transform my skin in the way that the Acne Treatment Center has been able to help me. You have to have discipline and really follow the advice of the esthetician’s to see an amazing difference and difference in my skin. — Review 5